Most internet users are familiar with internet errors such as 404 Not Found and 403 Forbidden. However, there’s a new internet status code that is being proposed by Tim Bray, a developer advocate – for sites that are blocked for ‘legal reasons’.

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Bray, who has experience in developing key Internet standards, says, “I’ve been told by the chair of the IETF HTTP Working Group that he’ll give the proposal some agenda time at the next IETF meeting. It’s not a big proposal; shouldn’t take long.”

However, the recognition for the need of a new code first started when Terence Eden tried to access The Pirate Bay to no avail. When the site’s server denied his request, Eden then expressed the need for a new “HTTP code for censorship”, which not only caught on sparking discussions on Slashdot and Hacker News – until the time when Bray agreed to turn the ‘idea’ into reality.

With the code (451) taken aptly from Ray Bradbury’s novel, Farenheit 451, which deals with censorship, the proposal for the error code if approved, will not only furnish the details on the restriction but also mention which legal authority is imposing the restriction as well.

Bray also thinks that once official consensus is reached, there would little or no work on the engineering side in order for servers to provide “explanatory text with a 451”. In the end, of course, this effort is to ensure that when censorship does happen, it takes place out in the open and thus, provides pertinent information for users everywhere.


A question that has been asked about Twitter over the years is whether it is a technology or media company. The answer, in not being so simple, is simply a variation of both – according to Dick Costolo, CEO of Twitter.

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He explains further, in saying, “I think of us as a technology company because I think the future of the company is in building on an extensible platform that allows third-party developers and companies to add value to Twitter in a way that is accretive to Twitter and is accretive to our users. I don’t need to be or want to be in the content business.”

To support his statement, he also mentioned that is not in the content business because instead of having reporters or a newsroom, almost half of Twitter’s employees [1300 in number] are engineers who are working on building the technology around which Twitter runs on while also continuously creating new features for its users.

In fact, he also wishes to encourage companies and developers to build products and tools inside the Twitter platform – instead of creating external Twitter apps.

Speaking of new features, Twitter as a whole, is also evolving into something different by experimenting with media-like products some of which NASCAR and Olympics-branded pages. Twitter currently also has employees that help V.I.Ts such as athletes, media outlets, politicians and celebrities to use its features well. Thanks to this content available by V.I.Ts, “engagement rates on ads” are also great as opposed to traditional Web ads.

Yet even though Costolo still maintains the fact that Twitter has and always been a communication platform, experts think that these ‘experiments’ being conducted make Twitter more of a media company.


Hello and we would like to thank you for visiting this blog of ours. We really hope you will gain something after reading this technology blog. As we all know, technology is changing drastically. The latest iPhone you are using right now might become just an ordinary iPhone when the latest version come out in the market. We cannot cope with this sudden technologies changes, but we can provide you with the current issues regarding technologies. Hopefully you will keep on visiting this blog of ours. Thanks.

GigaTech.Org


The new flagship iPhones and Samsung Galaxy devices are fast, bring the latest version of the OS and state of the art features. Unfortunately, these top-end phones also carry flagship level prices. For the majority of people, these phones are too expensive and do not justify the cost. The good news is that thanks to Android, there are phones that are both affordable and fast. Here is what to look for in a new budget-friendly phone:

Processor

Unless you buy a used iPhone, every other phone uses some version of the Qualcomm Snapdragon. The latest version is the 835. The new chip relegates last year’s already fast 820 chip to second tier phones. Both the 820 and the 810 are more than sufficient for most people’s needs.

Memory

Memory is one spec where people might have issues with what comes with the phone. The lowest spec phones come with 16GB of built-in storage. Fortunately, most Android phones have SD-Card slots for expansion. SD-Cards are much cheaper than buying phones with more storage.

Camera

The camera is the area where the newest phones have the biggest advantage. Mobile camera technology is progressing rapidly, especially on the software side. For the advanced post processing to work, the phone needs the latest processors. However, when the new Google Pixel is released, there should be a price drop of the original model, making one of the best mobile cameras more affordable.

These are the three main areas that should affect your choice of smartphone. There are others like OS updates, but such features are mostly exclusive to top-end phones.


There are so many brands with so many models of routers that it is becoming harder and harder to choose. The boxes advertise feature after feature with no clear explanation of what they mean. Here are some points to note when buying a new router or access point:

Antennas

Do not be fooled by routers and other devices with several large antennas protruding from all sides. None of those make any difference to the signal strength of the device. Look at the technical specifications and see how many antennas are inside the device. Usually, three or more high gain antennas are what we want in a wireless device.

OS

Most vendors ship their devices with their OS. The problem with vendor specific software is that they rarely update them. Some vendors use open source operating systems like DD-WRT or OPEN-WRT. Such operating systems are feature rich and are maintained by the community.

Features

When it comes to routers, we want more than just internet connectivity and wireless. Features that most families find useful will include parental controls, bandwidth controls, device specific blocks and even a mini-firewall. More is not always better, but look out for features that you will find useful.

Build

Lastly, look at the build quality of the device. Cheap plastic construction will not last long and eventually become brittle over time. A good sturdy router will likely have quality components inside, which should last well beyond the warranty period.


There are many issues that could affect an organization’s IT infrastructure. None are worse than network connectivity issues. Almost every other problem will have a very clear cause. Internet connectivity is usually a problem that should be escalated to an ISP. Mail flow, server issues are mostly self-contained problems. Network connectivity issues are often caused by causes very difficult to identify. Here are some of the more common causes and remedies:

Broadcast storm

The typical computer network produced a lot of broadcast traffic. This is amplified when someone inadvertently connects one network outlet directly to another. This is not uncommon and has brought down several large networks. The only way to rule it out is to do a visual inspection of every network outlet on the premises.

Faulty device

There are a lot of network devices connected to a computer network. In recent times that list has grown from mostly computers to include IP phones, IP cameras, Printers, multi-function devices, etc. When one of these devices malfunctions, there can be network connectivity issues. The fastest way to isolate the device is to run the network will all extra devices powered down. Then power them on systematically and monitor.

DHCP

Every computer network should have only one DHCP server. A DHCP server hands out IP addresses to devices on the network. The problems start when there is more than one DHCP handing out addresses. This means that some devices get the right IP, with the others losing network access and access to services. There are applications which monitor a network and alert when a rogue DHCP server is detected.


Systems administrators spend a lot of their time attending to periodic tasks. These tasks range from preventative maintenance to simple report generation. None of this is a problem until there is a critical issue that needs attention. The time spent on resolving any issues is the time that cannot be spent attending to these periodic tasks. The simplest and most efficient way is to automate as much of the regular tasks as possible. Here are two options for automating system administration tasks:

PowerShell

In a mostly Windows environment, PowerShell is a powerful scripting language that will allow most common tasks. There are modules that add support for Active Directory, Windows Server Backup, DHCP, DNS, and almost every service provided by Microsoft. The version of PowerShell varies depending on the version of Windows, although upgrades are available for older systems.

Python

Python is a popular programming language among systems administrators. There are courses specific to systems and network automation, which will teach you what you need specifically for those environments. Many systems have built-in API’s (application programming interfaces). You can use these API’s to extract data from the system without any human intervention. This way you can combine data from several systems to produce reports or dashboards.

These are the two most common languages used when it comes to automating systems tasks. It is even possible to combine both. When set on a schedule, it is as simple as setting and forgetting, freeing up time for other more important tasks.


Written by: Denton Vacuum, LLC

Summary: Ion beam deposition plays an integral role in the development of chips.

The microelectronics industry will always be continuously progressing towards more advanced technology through the development of new circuits. When it comes to the fabrication of integrated circuits, the industry is trending towards a higher density chip and a smaller feature size.

An In-Depth Look Into Microelectronics

For instance, ever notice how electronics in this day and age are becoming thinner and lighter? Today’s generation loves handheld products that are lightning fast and are capable of performing tasks that make mundane actions seem futuristic. Now, this trend has definitely piqued the interest of numerous types of ion beam etching technologies for pattern replication. One of these emerging technologies consists of a higher resolution, as well as a greater dimensional control, and a higher yield than your convention wet chemical etching.

Ion beam sputter deposition has played a significant role in the upward trend of new circuitry technologies. This process also plays a large role in developing successful applications of ion beam etching to patterning high density circuitry. It’s a vast industry that’s only growing larger and larger. The trend continues to move towards a smaller and faster type of microchip. It won’t be long before they’re essentially too small for the naked eye to see.

 

The Bottom Line

 

All in all, microelectronics today are continuously paving the way for new products and advanced units of circuitry. Sputtering systems are continuously adapting to this new trend and new models are constantly coming out to achieve this balance.