Vacuum layer devices provide an impressive approach by setting layers of material on a target substance that measure only a few atoms thick. Sputtering systems produce coatings that are so durable, they can be compared to that of a diamond. Practical applications for this sort of innovation include semiconductors, or anything else that needs shielding from high temperatures or other stressors.
The most popular sputtering methods in existence include: reactive sputtering, magnetron sputtering, and ion beam sputtering. All of these methods require a high quality sputtering system, and a certified operator for best results.
Reactive sputtering techniques rely on the interaction of various gasses inside the vacuum chamber. How the layers form depend on what gases are introduced. This is why an air tight seal is so incredibly important. This removes any highly reactive gasses in our atmosphere, like oxygen, from the process.
Magnetron sputtering works by creating an electromagnetic field around the target. Argon and other gases fill the chamber and are altered to the point that even the electrons can flow freely. When atoms flow freely, this is known as a gaseous state, but when their electrons flow freely, this is called plasma. Plasma energy is so high, it can be found inside stars. These energized ions cool and reconstruct to create an amazingly durable coating.
The last thin film vacuum coating method that exists is called Ion Beam evaporation. This functions without an electromagnetic field and removes electrons from the substance and then exposed to neutral atoms.
Guest post is provided by Denton Vacuum, LLC, offering thin film evaporation systems to a variety of industries. Visit for more details.

The NSA has been secretly taping real-communication occurring on the Yahoo and Google networks, according to a report published by The Washington Post.

According to hand-written documents and interviews that was used as sources, the newspaper published this information in an article, and which read, “The National Security Agency has secretly broken into the main communications links that connect Yahoo and Google data centers around the world, according to documents obtained from former NSA contractor Edward Snowden and interviews with knowledgeable officials.”

In response to this activity conducted with GCHQ, the British Intelligence Agency, spokespersons from Yahoo and Google expressed outrage and denied that they had given any kind of access of sensitive information to the government.

This project codenamed MUSCULAR captures entire data flows at undisclosed interception points in fiber optic cables that are used to transmit information to data centers.

This infiltration is quite remarkable since the NSA already has front-door access to both Yahoo and Google accounts, thanks to a court-sanctioned collection program titled PRISM.

While the agency is well-known for high-tech spying, this incident comes across as unique as it isn’t known to spy on American companies. However, one can easily understand the reason for this project since it collects data that it will use to match court-approved search terms.

Two engineers who were familiar with the technology used to offer Google’s service burst out in profanity while insisting that this discovery be published.

NSA, in response to this article, released a statement, which read, “NSA has multiple authorities that it uses to accomplish its mission, which is centered on defending the nation. The Washington Post’s assertion that we use Executive Order 12333 collection to get around the limitations imposed by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act and FAA 702 is not true. The assertion that we collect vast quantities of U.S. persons’ data from this type of collection is also not true.”

Google’s Q3 2013 earnings report is just out, and from the looks of it, the numbers are better than expected.

In its report, the company stated that it had earned about $14.89 billion in consolidated revenue, $2.97 billion in net income along with non-GAAP earnings of $10.74 per share.

Analysts at Yahoo Finance were close when they expected the company to report about $14.8 billion in revenue as well as an share earnings of $10.35.

Seeing these numbers, investors are reacting positively, where Google’s share price was at 1 percent but moved up to 6 percent in after-hours trading. What is also being watched is Google’s ad business, and in particular, the company’s cost per click, which has experienced a 3.5 percent lift during the last quarter.

Yet the report suggests that CPC has dropped another 8 percent this quarter compared to 4 percent from the year-ago quarter and 6 percent during the previous quarter. Speaking of advertisements though, Google has said it will endorsements and photos from Google+ so as to boost the credibility of some of its ads.

However, Google’s Enhanced Campaigns, which gives users the ability to create an ad campaign across a number of devices, should help the company solidify its position in mobile. As for paid clicks, Google’s figures went up by 26 percent year-over-year as well as above 8 percent over the previous quarter.

The company has also had some success with its hardware division with the Moto X and the Chromecast dongle enjoying favorable reviews in the last quarter.

Picture an individual browsing the web. Perhaps it’s a research project on Henry David Thoreau.  And so this individual examines photographs, critical commentary, and the like. Throughout the journey of visiting different sites on the web, banners appear at the top of most of the sites. Some of these banners may talk about book stores. Other may advertise trips to Walden Woods. And some could possibly be sharing information for college courses in literature.

Every one of these banners is the basic example of banner advertising. And while this may look like nothing more than a simple advertisement, the truth is that these banners can and do so much more. If one were to examine the placement of these banners much more closely, they may realize a few things, such as the banners are typically placed in pages that possess relatable material. One probably would never see an advertisement for maternity clothes on a website for beer lovers. What most people don’t realize is that this happens due to browsers scanning sites for specific words or phrases. And when it finds a site that fits the criteria, it embeds the banner onto the site so a business can reach its intended customers. For those using banner ads to get their message across, this can be extremely advantageous in the sense that it may get a banner to places that businesses never would have considered approaching.

While there are many variations of banner ads, the basic model is the starting point. And even a simple banner can be enough to bring new customers to a business. The computer age has brought about new techniques for advertisers and their clients. And as time goes on, it’s being discovered that new approaches, such as banner ads, are producing better and better results.

The content within has been made available by Ted Dhanik and friends. When seeking to find new advertising solutions, consult with Ted Dhanik to gain the advantage. Stop the webpage to see what Ted Dhanik can do for you.

By Ted Dhanik 

The advantages of display advertising to the purchasing business are copious. It starts with the visibility and traffic that display advertisements get. Because these advertisements are directed toward a target audience, they are more likely to be successful in bringing in traffic to their website. And because the ROI is so high, the cost of the CPM goes down, and businesses are able to invest in farther reaching ads.

Not only does display advertising generate low cost and high sales, it also provides some sort of security for the business investing in it. Display advertisements can be monitored, allowing the business to note which websites generate more sales than others, and to modify ads based on this information. In this manner, buying trends are easily tracked and manipulated by the business to promote their product. This is extremely important when comparing the stooping figures of traditional marketing plans. The reason why television, radio, and print ads are not showing as large of an ROI as display ads are is because they simply cannot keep up with the constantly changing landscape of marketing.

With the correct company, display marketing can effectively raise the marketing of a business to the next level. Whenever details such as the consumer type, research on frequency of use, common themes between consumers, are invested in, a marketing plan so specific is guaranteed to raise more sales than a generalized marketing investment.

Display advertising tracks marketing trends as they go, and allows businesses to modify advertisements immediately to fit them. In today’s day, this is one of the safest routes of internet marketing a business can invest in.


Guest post provided by Ted Dhanik, CEO of marketing company engage:BDR. Ted Dhanik is a display advertising guru who offers thoughtful insight in his blogs and videos. Allow Ted Dhanik to help you boost your visibility.