Summary: Understand the process of DNA synthesis with this guide.
DNA synthesis is a process in which nucleic acid strands are copied and made. With the advanced technological mechanisms and engineering processes, DNA synthesis can be achieved through man-made equipment. Improvements in the field of synthesis have been growing exponentially as innovation has been peaking in the scientific world. From breakthroughs in medicine to the production of advanced chemicals, DNA synthesis can often be misused when in the wrong hands and can prove to be a threat in society.
Understanding the process of DNA synthesis can be confusing and misleading, especially in comparison to RNA synthesis, but by recognizing the structure of the DNA, you will have more insight on how it works.
DNA is essentially a long chain polymer made up of nucleotides. What DNA does is it carries information regarding the synthesis of protein in living organisms. When it comes to replicating DNA it begins with the parent molecule unzipping itself. This then leads to hydrogen bonds and the base pairs being broken. Sequences of bases on the strands that are separated become a guide to the insertion of a complementary separate set of bases on the now synthesized strands. Deoxynucleoside triphosphates are the ones responsible for the assembly of the new strands. Incoming nucleotides link on to a free carbon atom which is then assembled together in order of the bases. The strands still continue to guide the nucleotides in a specific order. After the entire process, you end up with two identical DNA molecules that are mirror images of themselves.
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